There’s an 83% chance that automation will take a job with an hourly wage below $20, a 31% chance automation will take a job with an hourly wage between $20 and $40, and just a 4% chance automation will take a job with an hourly wage above $40.
The White House used the same data that underlines other research in the field of labor and robots to arrive at the conclusion.
The key question is what happens when a robot takes one of these low-wage jobs.
Traditionally, innovation leads to higher income, more consumption and more jobs, but the question is whether the current pace of automation may in the shorter term increase inequality.
One study found that higher levels of robot density within an industry lead to higher wages in that industry, the White House notes. However, that could be because the absence of lower-skills biases wage estimates upwards.
The White House says the findings demonstrate the need for training and education to help displaced workers find new jobs.