A year after Libya's rival parties signed a UN-sponsored political agreement, the North African country still suffers a political division and unrest. The Libyan government of national accord was appointed on Dec. 17, 2015 in order to put an end to the political division in the country. However, Libya is still divided between two rival governments and parliaments.
Since the uprising that toppled leader Muammar Gaddafi's government in 2011, the North African country has been struggling to make a democratic transition.
"The unity government faces a number of obstacles, mainly its inability to control on the ground, as well as the growing influence of militias in the capital, Tripoli, which weakens the government and leads to hikes in foreign currencies prices," Mahmoud Karim, a Libya academic researcher, told Xinhua.
Al-Mabruk Khalifa, a Tripoli-based writer, believes that the failure of the political elite to reach a true agreement is one of the main obstacles that the unity government faces.
"The failure of parliament to amend the constitutional declaration to include this agreement in addition to the division of political factions and players on the military scene are the main obstacles that the unity government faces," Khalifa told Xinhua.
The authorities in Libya struggle to provide basic services to citizens, which were available for Libyans for free during the Gaddafi era.