Skip to main content

Gaddafi's switching roles under Western manipulation until the final destruction of Libya

From the documentary HyperNormalisation by Adam Curtis


Faced with the humiliating defeat in the Lebanon, President Reagan’s government was desperate to shore up the vision of a moral world where a good America struggled against evil. And to do this they were going to create a simple villain. An imaginary enemy, one that would free them from the paralysing complexity of real Middle-Eastern politics. And the perfect candidate was waiting in the wings. Colonel Gaddafi, the ruler of Libya.

The Americans were going to ruthlessly use Colonel Gaddafi to create a fake terrorist mastermind. And Gaddafi was going to happily play along, because it would turn him into a famous global figure. Colonel Gaddafi had taken power in a coup in the 1970s but from the very start, he was convinced that he was more than just the leader of one country. He believed that he was an international revolutionary whose destiny was to challenge the power of the West.

When he was a young officer, Gaddafi had been sent to England for training and he had detested the patronising racism that he said he had found at the heart of British society. Once in power, Gaddafi had developed his own revolutionary theory, which he called the Third Universal Theory. It was an alternative, he said, to communism and capitalism. He published it in a green book, but practically no-one read it. He had sent money and weapons to the IRA in Ireland to help them overthrow the British ruling class. But all the other Arab leaders rejected him and his ideas. They thought that he was mad. And by the mid-1980s, Gaddafi was an isolated figure with no friends and no global influence.

Then, suddenly, that changed. In December 1985, terrorists attacked Rome and Vienna airports simultaneously, killing 19 people, including five Americans. There was growing pressure on President Reagan to retaliate. President Reagan immediately announced that Colonel Gaddafi was definitely behind the attacks. But the European security services who investigated the attacks were convinced that Libya was not involved at all and that the mastermind behind the attacks was, in fact, Syria – that the terrorists had been directed by the Syrian intelligence agencies.

But what made it even more confusing was that although there seemed to be no evidence that Gaddafi had been behind the attacks, he made no attempt to deny the allegations. Instead, he went the other way and turned the crisis into a global drama, threatening suicide attacks against America.

Gaddafi now started to play a role that was going to become very familiar. He grabbed the publicity that had been given to him by the Americans and used it dramatically. He promoted himself as an international revolutionary who would help to liberate oppressed peoples around the world, even the blacks in America.

The Americans and Gaddafi now became locked together in a cycle of mutual reinforcement. In the process, a powerful new image was created that was going to capture the imagination of the West. Gaddafi became a global supervillain, at the head of what was called a “rogue state” – a madman who threatened the stability of the world. And Gaddafi was loving every minute of it.

Then, there was another terrorist attack at a discotheque in West Berlin. A bomb killed an American soldier and injured hundreds. The Americans released what they said were intercepts by the National Security Agency that proved that Colonel Gaddafi was behind the bombing and a dossier that they said proved that he was also the mastermind behind a whole range of other attacks. President Reagan ordered the Pentagon to prepare to bomb Libya. But again, there were doubts – this time, within the American Government itself. There were concerns that analysts were being pressured to make a case that didn’t really exisτ, and to do it, they were taking Gaddafi’s rhetoric about himself as a global revolutionary and his manic ravings and then re-presenting them as fact. And, in the process, together, the Americans and Gaddafi were constructing a fictional world.

The European intelligence agencies told the Americans that they were wrong, that it was Syria that was behind the bombing, not Libya. But the Americans had decided to attack Libya because they couldn’t face the dangerous consequences of attacking Syria. Instead, they went for Gaddafi, a man without friends or allies.

In April 1986, the Americans attacked Libya. Their targets included Colonel Gaddafi’s own house. Immediately after the attack, Gaddafi appeared in the ruins to describe what had happened. Many other children were killed in the raid because the American bombing was so inaccurate. Gaddafi realised that the attention of the whole world was now focused on him and he grabbed the moment to promote his own revolutionary theory, The Third Way, as a global alternative to democracy.

President Assad didn’t want stability. He wanted revenge. In December 1988, a bomb exploded on a Pan Am plane over Lockerbie in Scotland. Almost immediately, investigators and journalists pointed the finger at Syria. “The bombing had been done,” they said, “in revenge for the Americans “shooting down an Iranian airliner in the Gulf a few months before.” And for 18 months, everyone agreed that this was the truth. But then, a strange thing happened. The security agencies said that they had been wrong. It hadn’t been Syria at all. It was Libya who had been behind the Lockerbie bombing. But many journalists and politicians did not believe it. They were convinced that the switch had happened for the most cynical of reasons. That America and Britain desperately needed Assad as an ally in the coming Gulf War against Saddam Hussein. So, once again, they blamed Colonel Gaddafi as the terrorist mastermind.

The attacks in September 2001 were suicide bombs, but now on a huge scale. They demonstrated the terrifying power of this new force to penetrate all defences. They had come to kill thousands of Americans on their own soil. 20 years before, President Reagan had been confronted by the first suicide bombers. They had been unleashed by President Assad of Syria to force America out of the Middle East. But rather than confront the complexity of Syria and Israel and the Palestinian problem, America had retreated and left Syria – and suicide bombing – to fester and mutate. They had gone instead for Colonel Gaddafi and turned him into an evil global terrorist. And after 9/11, this led to a new, and equally simple, idea. That if only you could remove these tyrannical figures, then the grateful people of their country would transform naturally into a democracy, because they would be free of the evil.

Both Tony Blair and George Bush became possessed by the idea of ridding the world of Saddam Hussein. So possessed that they believed any story that proved his evil intentions. And the line between reality and fiction became ever more blurred.

Iraq was imploding. While, at home, they were being accused of lying to their own people to justify the invasion. What they desperately needed was something that would show that the invasion was having a good effect in the Arab world. So, they made an extraordinary decision. They turned for help to the man who they had always insisted was one of the world’s most dangerous tyrants: Colonel Gaddafi. And, instead, they set out to make him their new best friend. A man who had been created by the West as a fake global supervillain was now going to be turned into a fake hero of democracy. And everyone, not just politicians, would become involved. Public relations, academics, television presenters, spies, and even musicians were all going to help reinvent Colonel Gaddafi. It would show just how many people in the Western Establishment had, by now, become the engineers of this fake world.

Colonel Gaddafi confirmed that Libya has, in the past, sought to develop weapons-of-mass-destruction capabilities. Libya has now declared its intention to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction completely. Colonel Gaddafi now became, for Western politicians, a heroic figure. His decision to give up his weapons of mass destruction seemed to prove that the invasion of Iraq could transform the Middle East. And Tony Blair travelled to meet Gaddafi in his desert tent. To welcome him back into what one journalist called, “The community of civilised nations.” But, as in the past, nothing was what it seemed with Colonel Gaddafi.

In reality, Gaddafi did not really have the terrifying weapons of mass destruction that he was promising to destroy. His nuclear programme had stuttered to a halt long ago and never produced anything dangerous. But now, he had to pretend to have a terrifying arsenal of weapons. And the West had to pretend that they had avoided another global threat.

And then the made-up stories became even more complicated. As part of the deal, the West said that if Gaddafi admitted that Libya had done the Lockerbie bombing, then they would lift the sanctions. But many of those who had investigated Lockerbie were still convinced that Libya hadn’t done it. That, really, it had been Syria. But Colonel Gaddafi confessed. His son, Saif, was interviewed about this confession. He said that his father was simply pretending that he had been behind the Lockerbie bombing to get the sanctions lifted. That new lies were being built on top of old lies to construct a completely make-believe world.



So, the Western hypocrites eventually decided that puppet Gaddafi should change role and become again the 'bad guy'. Do not forget what Hillary Clinton said when Gaddafi brutally murdered: 'We came, we saw, he died'. You know the rest: Libya sunk in chaos, but the neocolonial hyenas didn't care that much. They just started a race for country's resources on behalf of their beloved corporate monsters.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Τραγωδία στο Μάτι και δεξιό παρακράτος: νέα στοιχεία για πιθανή επιχείρηση προβοκάτσιας

globinfo freexchange     Όπως είχαμε επισημάνει ήδη από τον Σεπτέμβριο του 19, η εγχώρια μιντιακή χούντα και οι καθεστωτικές μαριονέτες της Μητσοτακικής δεξιάς είχαν επιλέξει τελικά να ρίξουν το μεγαλύτερο βάρος της αντι-ΣΥΡΙΖΑ προπαγάνδας σε δύο βασικούς πυλώνες: στη συμφωνία των Πρεσπών και στην τραγωδία στο Μάτι.    Όσο περνούσε ο καιρός και αφού κατακάθισε η σκόνη της μιντιακής προπαγάνδας, όλα έδειχναν ότι το σενάριο μιας πιθανής προβοκάτσιας στην υπόθεση "Μάτι" ενορχηστρωμένης από το δεξιό παρακράτος (όσο και αν αυτό φάνταζε εξωφρενικό), δεν θα μπορούσε να αποκλειστεί.   Τα πρώτα ισχυρά σημάδια για την πιθανότητα ενός τέτοιου σεναρίου τα έδωσε το ίδιο το καθεστώς Μητσοτάκη με την επιβράβευση των υπεύθυνων αξιωματικών για τη διαχείριση της φωτιάς στο Μάτι, οι οποίοι πήραν προαγωγή! Κάτι φυσικά που απέκρυψαν επιμελώς όλα τα συστημικά κανάλια της μιντιακής χούντας (στην οποία ανήκει ασφαλώς και η Μητσοτακική ΥΕΝΕΔ) που στηρίζει σύσσωμη το καθεστώς. Πρόσφατα, ήρθαν και νέα

Άλλα δύο χρόνια Μητσοτακικής λαίλαπας ...

globinfo freexchange   Δεν μπορούσαμε να φανταστούμε ότι θα πέφταμε πάλι τόσο μέσα (δυστυχώς) στις προβλέψεις. Αμέσως μετά τις εθνικές εκλογές του 2019, είχαμε γράψει ότι ο "σοφός λαός" δεν είναι και τόσο σοφός. Είτε με την ψήφο του, είτε με την αποχή του, έδωσε το ελεύθερο στη χειρότερη δεξιά της μεταπολίτευσης να σαρώσει σαν 'οδοστρωτήρας' τα πάντα στο πέρασμά της. Μετά από τέσσερα χρόνια νεοφιλελεύθερης λαίλαπας, το τοπίο καταστροφής θα έχει κάνει τη χώρα κυριολεκτικά αγνώριστη.  Και είναι πραγματικά απίστευτο ότι, κάθε μέρα που περνάει, το καθεστώς Μητσοτάκη μοιάζει σαν να έχει βαλθεί να μας επιβεβαιώνει όλο και περισσότερο. Μετά το επιτελικό μπάχαλο στη διαχείριση της πανδημίας και το γεγονός ότι τα εκτελεστικά όργανα του αδίστακτου Μητσοτακικού καθεστώτος έσπευσαν να εκμεταλλευτούν την συγκυρία για να περάσουν ότι πιο αντιλαϊκό και αντιεργατικό μέτρο μπορούσαν να περάσουν, ήρθαν οι ασύλληπτες καταστροφές με τις πυρκαγιές σε Βόρεια Εύβοια, Βαρυμπόμπη και αλλού.

WikiLeaks - US imperialists were seeking Russian assistance to manage chaos in Afghanistan!

The WIKILEAKS Public Library of US Diplomacy (PlusD) holds the world's largest searchable collection of United States confidential, or formerly confidential, diplomatic communications. As of April 8, 2013 it holds 2 million records comprising approximately 1 billion words. The collection covers US involvements in, and diplomatic or intelligence reporting on, every country on earth. It is the single most significant body of geopolitical material ever published. The PlusD collection, built and curated by WikiLeaks, is updated from a variety of sources, including leaks, documents released under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and documents released by the US State Department systematic declassification review.   globinfo freexchange   A February, 2010 cable coming from the US embassy in Moscow, reveals that the US was seeking to involve Russia in the efforts to manage the chaos in Afghanistan.   A particular phrase in the summary reveals that the Americans had already tried to

How the Americans created the al-Qaeda myth prior to 9/11 attacks in order to invade Afghanistan and Iraq

globinfo freexchange   In his documentary The Power Of Nightmares , Adam Curtis gives the details of how the Americans essentially invented al-Qaeda and how the neocons re-emerged after the 9/11 attacks to exploit this myth.   The result was the devastating wars in Afghanistan and Iraq:   For beyond his own small group, Bin Laden had no formal organization. Until the Americans invented one for him. In January 2001, a trial began in a Manhattan courtroom of four men accused of the embassy bombings in east Africa. But the Americans had also decided to prosecute Bin Laden in his absence. But to do this under American law, the prosecutors needed evidence of a criminal organization because, as with the Mafia, that would allow them to prosecute the head of the organization, even if he could not be linked directly to the crime. And the evidence for that organization was provided for them by an ex-associate of Bin Laden's called Jamal Al-Fadl.   The picture Al-Fadl drew for the Americans

US imperialists activate their ISIS proxies to alter the nature of war in Afghanistan

globinfo freexchange   It took only a few days for the US declining empire to return to Afghanistan after its disorderly retreat under Biden's order. And what a surprise: another drone strike, another murder of civilians - kids among them, another war crime. That is, the routine outcome of every US military intervention the last decades. It was a matter of time before "uncle Joe" bent to the enormous pressure by the sinister war machine. The combined, stormy attack by the corporate media and the deep state against his decision to withdraw the US forces from Afghanistan, created a suffocating situation. And while the Western propaganda machine announced the definite withdrawal of the US forces from the Afghan soil - after the new US war crime - the pressure and harsh criticism on Biden never ended. On the contrary, it seems that the criticism against his decision to withdraw all US forces is getting more and more intensive. The Western propaganda machine not only had nothi

Chris Hedges & Richard Wolff: Have Bernie, the Squad, & the institutional Left failed us?

Bad Faith   Marxist economist Richard Wolff and Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and theologian Chris Hedges weigh in on whether there is a moral maximum income, by what standard we should judge leftists who become wealthy in the course of their advocacy, and why the left is so easily distracted by superficial internecine battles, like the one over Hasan Piker's house, during this time of great crisis.    They then move on to discuss more substantive divides on the left, and whether the so-called "institutional left's" theory of power is, in fact, demobilizing people at the very moment they should act. It's a banger. 

Μπλέξαμε άσχημα ...

globinfo freexchange   Όλα δείχνουν ότι οι "άριστοι" του Μητσοτακοκαθεστώτος τα έχουν κάνει παντού μαντάρα και έχουν βάλει τον αυτόματο πιλότο.   Πώς αλλιώς να εξηγηθεί ότι οι διασωληνωμένοι και οι νεκροί έχουν εξαφανιστεί από τα δελτία προπαγάνδας της μιντιακής χούντας και εν όψει καλοκαιριού, ο περιοδεύων Μητσοτακοθίασος αποφάσισε να ανοίξει τα πάντα; Ξαφνικά είμαστε μια ωραία ατμόσφαιρα και όλοι είναι έτοιμοι για διακοπάρες σε κάποιο νησί.  Μήπως πάει καλά το πρόγραμμα εμβολιασμού, έχουμε χτίσει το πολυπόθητο τείχος ανοσίας και δεν το πήραμε χαμπάρι; Μήπως οι μεταλλάξεις έφυγαν τρομαγμένες μόλις αντίκρισαν τον Μπιλ Κικίλ και τον Νικ Χάρντ του καθεστωτικού θιάσου; Μήπως έβρεξε ξαφνικά ΜΕΘ, κλίνες και προσωπικό και ανάσαναν τα δημόσια νοσοκομεία; Μήπως δεν γίνεται μπάχαλο με τα τεστ και όλα είναι άψογα οργανωμένα; Τίποτα απ'όλα αυτά. Απλώς, έρχονται οι τουρίστες! Και επειδή ο Μητσοτακοθίασος πρέπει να δείξει κάτι για να μη φανεί η παταγώδης αποτυχία σε όλους τους τομείς

Jeremy Corbyn on Afghanistan & preventing the next war

Democracy Now!   Jeremy Corbyn, one of the leading critics of the Afghan War in Britain, on the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan.    He says critics who warned against invading Afghanistan, and later Iraq, have been vindicated, and calls for an official inquiry into the war.    “ It’s horrible to read back to 2001 and 2003 and say all the worst predictions that any of us ever made have all come to pass, ” Corbyn tells Democracy Now!  

John Pilger on Afghanistan: US military a killing machine & how the Taliban went from ally to enemy

Going Underground Legendary journalist and filmmaker John Pilger on the takeover of the Taliban in Afghanistan. He calls the US military a killing machine and discusses why the Afghanistan War must be viewed through the lens of Western imperialism, the scale of civilian casualties and destruction of Afghanistan by NATO countries, how the US created today’s situation by supporting Afghan jihadist forces against the Soviet Union throughout the Cold War, the social progress and progressive reform lost to history with the fall of the Soviet-backed PDPA government in Afghanistan. Pilger also discusses the anniversary of the Pinochet coup in Chile and the trial of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. 

Επιβεβαίωση: Επιχείρηση προβοκάτσιας του δεξιού παρακράτους η τραγωδία στο Μάτι!

globinfo freexchange  Σε προηγούμενο άρθρο στις αρχές Ιουλίου, είχαμε αναφερθεί στους περίφημους διαλόγους με τα "πακιστανικά τηλέφωνα", που προκάλεσαν σάλο. Είχαμε επισημάνει ότι η αδιανόητη απάντηση του επικεφαλής της υπηρεσίας του αεροδρομίου σχετικά με το Μάτι, σχολιάστηκε έντονα μόνο από μερικούς χρήστες στα σόσιαλ μίντια. Ενώ είναι χαρακτηριστικό ότι ορισμένα συστημικά ΜΜΕ απέκρυψαν επιμελώς αυτό το κομμάτι του διαλόγου. Ο επικεφαλής, λοιπόν, φέρεται να λέει: " Σιγά μην μπλέξουμε, οι άλλοι έκαψαν 100 άτομα και πήραν και βαθμό ... " και αναφέρεται προφανώς στους υπεύθυνους αξιωματικούς για τη διαχείριση της φωτιάς στο Μάτι, οι οποίοι πήραν προαγωγή από την κυβέρνηση της ΝΔ.  Συμπεράναμε ότι η ωμή κυνικότητα των διαλόγων και το ότι επιβεβαιώνουν το γεγονός ότι κάποιοι υπεύθυνοι αντί να ξηλωθούν προάγονται (προφανώς επειδή έκαναν τη βρόμικη δουλειά), έχουν έντονη οσμή δεξιού παρακράτους. Ενώ, αναρωτηθήκαμε αν ο εισαγγελέας θα σταθεί (ως οφείλει) και στο κομμάτι