Skip to main content

Cómo hackear una elección

Andrés Sepúlveda afirma haber alterado campañas electorales durante ocho años dentro de Latinoamérica.

PARTE 1

Justo antes de la medianoche Enrique Peña Nieto anunció su victoria como el nuevo presidente electo de México. Peña Nieto era abogado y millonario, proveniente de una familia de alcaldes y gobernadores. Su esposa era actriz de telenovelas. Lucía radiante mientras era cubierto de confeti rojo, verde y blanco en la sede central del Partido Revolucionario Institucional, o PRI, el cual había gobernado por más de 70 años antes de ser destronado en el 2000. Al devolver el poder al PRI en aquella noche de julio de 2012 Peña Nieto prometió disminuir la violencia ligada al narcotráfico, luchar contra la corrupción y dar inicio a una era más transparente en la política mexicana.

A dos mil millas de distancia (3.200 kilómetros), en un departamento en el lujoso barrio de Chicó Navarra en Bogotá, Andrés Sepúlveda estaba sentado frente a seis pantallas de computadores. Sepúlveda es colombiano, de constitución robusta, con cabeza rapada, perilla y un tatuaje de un código QR con una clave de cifrado en la parte de atrás de su cabeza. En su nuca están escritas las palabras “
” y “”, una encima de la otra, en una oscura alusión a la codificación. Sepúlveda observaba una transmisión en directo de la celebración de la victoria de Peña Nieto, a la espera de un comunicado oficial sobre los resultados.

Cuando Peña Nieto ganó Sepúlveda comenzó a destruir evidencia. Perforó agujeros en memorias USB, discos duros y teléfonos móviles, calcinó sus circuitos en un microondas y luego los hizo pedazos con un martillo. Trituró documentos y los tiró por el excusado, junto con borrar servidores alquilados de forma anónima en Rusia y Ucrania mediante el uso de Bitcoins. Desbarataba la historia secreta de una de las campañas más sucias de Latinoamérica en los últimos años.

Sepúlveda, de 31 años, dice haber viajado durante ocho años a través del continente manipulando las principales campañas políticas. Con un presupuesto de US$600.000, el trabajo realizado para la campaña de Peña Nieto fue por lejos el más complejo. Encabezó un equipo de seis hackers que robaron estrategias de campaña, manipularon redes sociales para crear falsos sentimientos de entusiasmo y escarnio e instaló spyware en sedes de campaña de la oposición, todo con el fin de ayudar a Peña Nieto, candidato de centro derecha, a obtener una victoria. En aquella noche de julio, destapó botella tras botella de cerveza Colón Negra a modo de celebración. Como de costumbre en una noche de elecciones, estaba solo.

La carrera de Sepúlveda comenzó en 2005, y sus primeros fueron trabajos fueron menores - consistían principalmente en modificar sitios web de campañas y violar bases de datos de opositores con información sobre sus donantes. Con el pasar de los años reunió equipos que espiaban, robaban y difamaban en representación de campañas presidenciales dentro de Latinoamérica. Sus servicios no eran baratos, pero el espectro era amplio. Por US$12.000 al mes, un cliente contrataba a un equipo que podía hackear teléfonos inteligentes, falsificar y clonar sitios web y enviar correos electrónicos y mensajes de texto masivos. El paquete prémium, a un costo de US$20.000 mensuales, también incluía una amplia gama de intercepción digital, ataque, decodificación y defensa. Los trabajos eran cuidadosamente blanqueados a través de múltiples intermediarios y asesores. Sepúlveda señala que es posible que muchos de los candidatos que ayudó no estuvieran al tanto de su función. Sólo conoció a unos pocos.

Sus equipos trabajaron en elecciones presidenciales en Nicaragua, Panamá, Honduras, El Salvador, Colombia, México, Costa Rica, Guatemala y Venezuela. Las campañas mencionadas en esta historia fueron contactadas a través de ex y actuales voceros; ninguna salvo el PRI de México y el Partido de Avanzada Nacional de Guatemala quiso hacer declaraciones.

De niño, fue testigo de la violencia de las guerrillas marxistas de Colombia. De adulto se unió a derecha que emergía en Latinoamérica. Creía que sus actividades como hacker no eran más diabólicas que las tácticas de aquellos a quienes se oponía, como Hugo Chávez y Daniel Ortega.

Muchos de los esfuerzos de Sepúlveda no rindieron frutos, pero tiene suficientes victorias como para decir que ha influenciado la dirección política de América Latina moderna tanto como cualquier otra persona en el siglo XXI. "Mi trabajo era hacer acciones de guerra sucia y operaciones psicológicas, propaganda negra, rumores, en fin, toda la parte oscura de la política que nadie sabe que existe pero que todos ven", dice sentado en una pequeña mesa de plástico en un patio exterior ubicado en lo profundo de las oficinas sumamente resguardadas de la Fiscalía General de Colombia. Actualmente, cumple una condena de 10 años por los delitos de uso de software malicioso, conspirar para delinquir, violación de datos y espionaje conectados al hackeo de las elecciones de Colombia de 2014. Accedió a contar su versión completa de los hechos por primera vez con la esperanza de convencer al público de que se ha rehabilitado y obtener respaldo para la reducción de su condena.

Generalmente, señala, estaba en la nómina de Juan José Rendón, un asesor político que reside en Miami y que ha sido catalogado como el Karl Rove de Latinoamérica. Rendón niega haber utilizado a Sepúlveda para cualquier acto ilegal y refuta de forma categórica la versión que Sepúlveda entregó a Bloomberg Businessweek sobre su relación, pero admite conocerlo y haberlo contratado para el diseño de sitios webs. "Si hablé con él puede haber sido una o dos veces, en una sesión grupal sobre eso, sobre el sitio web", declara. “En ningún caso hago cosas ilegales. Hay campañas negativas. No les gusta, de acuerdo. Pero si es legal lo haré. No soy un santo, pero tampoco soy un criminal" (Destaca que pese a todos los enemigos que ha acumulado con el transcurso de los años debido a su trabajo en campañas, nunca se ha visto enfrentado a ningún cargo criminal). A pesar de que la política de Sepúlveda era destruir todos los datos al culminar un trabajo, dejó algunos documentos con miembros de su equipo de hackers y otros personas de confianza a modo de “póliza de seguro” secreta.

Sepúlveda proporcionó a Bloomberg Businessweek correos electrónicos que según él muestran conversaciones entre él, Rendón, y la consultora de Rendón acerca del hackeo y el progreso de ciberataques relacionados a campañas. Rendón señala que los correos electrónicos son falsos. Un análisis llevado a cabo por una empresa de seguridad informática independiente demostró que un muestreo de los correos electrónicos que examinaron parecen ser auténticos. Algunas de las descripciones de Sepúlveda sobre sus actividades concuerdan con relatos publicados de eventos durante varias campañas electorales, pero otros detalles no pudieron ser verificados de forma independiente. Una persona que trabajó en la campaña en México y que pidió mantener su nombre en reserva por temor a su seguridad, confirmó en gran parte la versión de Sepúlveda sobre su función y la de Rendón en dicha elección.

Sepúlveda dice que en España le ofrecieron varios trabajos políticos que habría rechazado por estar demasiado ocupado. Al preguntarle si la campaña presidencial de EEUU está siendo alterada, su respuesta es inequívoca. “Estoy cien por ciento seguro de que lo está”, afirma.

Source:

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

WikiLeaks paper reveals Congressional think tank specific techniques for 'persuading' audiences

This document was obtained by WikiLeaks from the United States Congressional Research Service. The CRS is a Congressional "think tank" with a staff of around 700. Reports are commissioned by members of Congress on topics relevant to current political events. Despite CRS costs to the tax payer of over $100M a year, its electronic archives are, as a matter of policy, not made available to the public. Individual members of Congress will release specific CRS reports if they believe it to assist them politically, but CRS archives as a whole are firewalled from public access. This report was obtained by WikiLeaks staff from CRS computers accessible only from Congressional offices.
globinfo freexchange
A report from April 12, 2007, was "Prepared primarily for congressional staff members called upon to help prepare speeches for Members,” and “provides basic guidance on obtaining speech material, using it to prepare a speech draft, and presentation.”, as we read in the abstract. …

Mystery solved: here's why the Western mainstream media suddenly 'discovered' the war in Yemen

globinfo freexchange
Why it took so long for the Western mainstream media to 'discover' the war in Yemen and the war crimes committed by the Saudi coalition in full co-operation with the US?
One might think that the humanitarian disaster there - caused also by the blockade of goods for the relief of the civilians - has become so obvious, condemned multiple times by the UN, that the media finally forced to speak about it.
In previous article we attempted to explain the 'unexplained phenomenon' and the fact that CNN surprisingly returned to the issue to openly condemn the US support to the Saudi coalition atrocities against civilians in Yemen.
Yet, despite that the Saudi regimes have been, traditionally, the best allies of the Western neocolonialists, this time, the US had serious reasons to overthrow the Saudi crown prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS). And, surprisingly enough, at the center of this underground conflict lies an attempt by the US to privatize Aramco, Saudi Arab…

Recent US elections confirmed that progressives will have to fight two monsters at once: Donald Trump and corporate Democrats

failed evolution
Nancy Pelosi's speech after Democrats took the House in recent US elections was not just a huge disappointment. Many progressives became furious about her empty speech, which was full of the most obsolete political generalities and cliches.
But it was not just that Pelosi didn't want to committ that Democrats will fight for specific issues - in favor of the vast majority of Americans - that returned in the political debate by Bernie Sanders and the progressive movement.
She actually 'gave the finger' to the progressives straight and clear.
If you don't believe it, just check her own words: “... we will strive for bipartisanship. [...] we have a bipartisan marketplace of ideas that makes our democracy strong ...
Translation: ‘We will do business as usual. The bipartisan dictatorship will remain strong and under the control of the plutocratic elite. Nothing will change, don't bother.
That's all you need to know.
Here is another evidence that the c…

The Snowden files: NSA's plans for a hundred percent coverage of every square inch of the planet

NSA wants to take its battlefield targeting alert system that they used to kill people in Iraq and in other war zones and implement it globally, so that they can target anybody anywhere.
globinfo freexchange
Suzie Dawson, asylum-seeking journalist and current President of the Internet Party of New Zealand, is being targeted by New Zealand intelligence agencies as a result of her activism in the Occupy movement and against the TPP, among other causes.
Dawson spoke with Jimmy Dore and made some astonishing revelations coming from Edward Snowden that were very little known. Here are the most impressive:
According to the NSA, it takes a whole village for them to spy on the UN. That's a direct quote they worked with the State Department and the CIA to spy on and monitor and infiltrate the United Nations.
The NSA was literally planning a system of global control. They refer to it in their documents as the global network and they want that spying network to cover the entire globe. They actua…

The establishment apparatus fabricates another poll to 'adjust' popular preference in favor of Joe Biden, against Bernie Sanders

globinfo freexchange
In late August, we identified an effort by Politico (rather sloppy), to present Joe Biden as the most suitable leader for the Democratic party, based on the fact that he could beat Donald Trump.
The sloppiness of the effort was proved by the way in which Biden was promoted against Bernie Sanders, despite that the latest was beating Trump with the same percentage, according to Politico's poll.
It was CNN that came now with another poll to contribute to this pro-Biden operation and actually verify the title of our article back then. That is, corporate Democrats will promote Joe Biden against Bernie Sanders. Indeed, as usatoday reports:
           Former Vice President Joe Biden holds a wide lead over the other potential candidates to challenge President Donald Trump in 2020, a CNN survey found. About a third of respondents named Biden as their choice to carry the Democratic banner in the next presidential election (33 percent), while Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders cam…

Liberal plutocrats preparing ground to wipe out progressives and directly take over the Democratic party in US

globinfo freexchange
Through his own humorous style, comedian Lee Camp pointed out something quite serious. As he explained, Facebook's founder and CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, fulfilled all the conditions necessary to run for president of the United States.
One key condition is certain and obvious: tons of money.
Another one, is to pretend to be religious. And this condition is, of course, particularly important in the America of Donald Trump. Indeed, as Camp says, the former Atheist Mark Zuckerberg has suddenly found religion.
And the most recent fulfilled condition by Facebook's boss, was to secure the alliance with the US deep state.
Indeed, on October 11, Facebook announced the removal of 559 pages and 251 accounts from its service, accusing the account holders of “spam and coordinated inauthentic behavior.” The primary thread connecting victims of the purge seems to be that they are critics and/or opponents of the American political “mainstream” or “establishment.”
Also, as Ben Nort…

George Soros tried to get rid of Yanis Varoufakis because the neoliberal regime could not handle Greece and Ukraine simultaneously

globinfo freexchange
In a recent interview at the Greek channel, Crete TV, the former Greek Minister of Finance, Yanis Varoufakis, made some interesting revelations. Among other things, he actually confirmed what the blog thought until now to be an exaggerated far-right conspiracy theory. He essentially confirmed that George Soros intervenes directly to political leaderships, substituting political institutions in Europe and elsewhere.
Varoufakis said that, on June, 2015, George Soros tried to contact Alexis Tsipras via his own ‘channels’. In the interview, Varoufakis claims that he had no idea what Soros wanted to talk about.
As Varoufakis also writes in his book Adults in the Room: My Battle with Europe's Deep Establishment, for years he has been falsely portrayed by the pro-troika establishment and the anti-Semitic Right as Soros’s stooge in Greece.
Yet, Soros’s message to the Greek prime minister, Alexis Tsipras, came as a perverse vindication. ‘Fire Varoufakis! Europe cannot affo…

Major cheerleader of the Iraq war says entire Arab world is completely dysfunctional!

globinfo freexchange
           I got news for you. The entire Arab world is dysfunctional right now. Completely dysfunctional. And I think it has the potential to be a giant Yemen. A giant human disaster area.
Guess who said that, and most importantly, why he said it:

For a moment we thought that a miracle was about to happen. We thought that Thomas Friedman would become one of the few exceptions that would declare regret for supporting the Iraq war, in a self-criticism short 'crisis'. You know, the war that was based on big lies and opened Pandora's box for the Middle East chaos. But no. It was too good to be true.
As Ben Norton of the Real News explains:
For the past two years, many leading pundits have been portraying Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) as essentially the savior of the Middle East, if not of the world. Thomas Friedman is probably the most egregious example. But Thomas Friedman is a powerful New York Times columnist, a so-called expert on the Middle East. And he, of c…

New poll gives evidence that the establishment upgrades the identity-politics weapon to crush Bernie Sanders and his progressive movement

globinfo freexchange
Another suspicious poll came out to promote various establishment options against Bernie Sanders. As the Hill reports:
President Trump trails Michelle Obama, Oprah and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) by double digits in potential 2020 presidential races, according to a new poll.
Trump also trails several other female candidates in potential races, although by slimmer margins, the Axios poll conducted by SurveyMonkey found.
The poll shows Trump trailing by 13 points to Obama among registered voters polled, by 12 points to Oprah and by 10 points to Harris. He's also down by 9 point to Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) among registered voters surveyed, by 6 points to Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) and by 5 points to his 2016 opponent, Hillary Clinton.
The closest race would be between Trump and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), the poll found. Warren has a 2-point lead among registered voters, according to the poll.
The poll includ…

The real reason the knives are out for Mohammed bin Salman

In the six weeks before Khashoggi’s disappearance, MBS not only managed to anger the U.S. military-industrial complex but the world’s most powerful bankers.
by Whitney Webb
Part 4 - Trouble in neoliberal paradise
While it is impossible to know MBS’ exact reason for getting cold feet in his once-ambitious plans to privatize the kingdom, we can guess. Indeed, there is a reason that MBS’ elders in the Saudi Royal family have long rejected neoliberal reforms and the mass privatization of their economy.
A 2016 report from Foreign Policy succinctly states why past Saudi Royals have avoided “free-market reforms” as the older generations of the House of Saud “understand the fragility of a monarchy whose brittle pillars rest on the quiescence of conservative clerics and a merchant class hostile to the free-market reforms that will undercut their privileges.” However, far more Saudis than just the “merchant class” have grown accustomed to the largesse of the Saudi state, as the majority of Saudi c…